Diagnostic Tests and Clinical Trials for Schizoaffective Disorder
While gathering some information about Schizoaffective Disorder, I learned that there are no specific laboratory tests to diagnose this disorder. However, doctors may use tests like X-rays or blood tests to know the cause of such symptoms. Below, I’ll include more information on diagnostic Tests for Schizoaffective Disorder
- Physical Examination – During physical examination, a health care provider studies a patient’s body to determine the presence or absence of physical problems.
This test includes
- Inspection (looking at the body)
- Palpation (feeling the body with hands)
- Auscultation (listening to sounds)
- Percussion (producing sounds by lightly tapping body parts)
First, the examiner will observe the patient’s appearance, general health, and behavior. Then measure height and weight. The vital signs like pulse, breathing rate, body temperature and blood pressure are recorded.
- Blood Test – A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a needle. Blood test is done to measure Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH). TSH is a glycoprotein hormone composed of two subunits which are non-covalently bound to one another. This test is used to exclude hypo- or hyperthyroidism, basic electrolytes and serum calcium to rule out a metabolic disturbance.
- Full Blood Count – It is also known as Complete Blood Count/Full Blood Exam/Blood Panel. It is a test panel that gives information about the cells in a patient’s blood. This test is taken with ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate). ESR is a test that is taken to measure the rate at which red blood cells sediment in a period of 1 hour. These tests are done to rule out a systemic infection or chronic disease.
- Serology – Serology blood tests help to diagnose patients with certain immune deficiencies associated with the lack of antibodies. This test is done to exclude syphilis or HIV infection.
- Electroencephalography (EEG) – It is a test that is used to record the brain’s spontaneous electrical activity over a short period of time, usually 20–40 minutes. This test is done to exclude epilepsy. Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures over time. Seizures are episodes of disturbed brain activity that cause changes in attention or behavior.
- CT scan – It is also known as X-Ray Computed Tomography. This test is used to examine the internal injuries by taking series of X-ray views from many different angles to produce cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissues inside your body.
According to American Psychiatric Association, the criteria to diagnose Schizoaffective Disorder is mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) which includes
- Schizophrenia along with mood symptoms
- A mood disorder along with symptoms of schizophrenia
- Both a mood disorder and schizophrenia
- A psychotic condition other than schizophrenia, plus a mood disorder
Listed below are some clinical trials investigating new treatments for Schizoaffective Disorder.
[LIST_TRIALS condition=”schizoaffective disorder”]