What is Schizophrenia (Disorganized, Catatonic, Paranoid Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment)?

You sure must have heard of the terms Schizophrenia several times before, but do you really know what exactly this condition means and what the symptoms of this disease are. Well, to get a better idea about this most devastating mental disorder read on and get in depth information about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this condition…

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disease and a leading cause of long tern hospitalization. Source: mentalhealthabuse.org

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disease that is characterized by disassociated thought process and disintegration of emotional responses. Schizophrenics may experience symptoms like hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, all accompanied with a significant disruption of social, personal, and professional relationships.  This condition is one of the most chronic, and disabling of all major mental disease and one of the most common cause of long term hospitalizations.

To explain these things in simple terms, a person suffering from schizophrenia is not able to connect or link the various parts of his thought process, logic, feelings, perception, and imagination together. As a result, he ends up perceiving his imaginations as real, which results in inability to think logically, express feelings, behave appropriately, control emotions, and differentiate between real and imagined.  However, contrary to popular belief, schizophrenia is not split personality, here the person’s mental thought process are split, where in split personality or dissociative personality disorder, a person portrays more than one forms of personalities.

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Like most mental disorders, the symptoms of schizophrenia, vary widely from person to person and within the person as the disease progresses or gets treated. In some people the disassociated feelings may become a part of life, while for others these symptoms may be quite transient with periods of normalcy in between. However, some of the more common signs of this condition are enlisted below:

  • Social withdrawal
  • Loss of interest and lack of hunger
  • Delusions, hallucinations, and bizarre perceptions (like feelings of bugs crawling over the body, while there are none)
  • Paranoia or a sense of being controlled by external forces. Feeling imprisoned and sinking.
  • Depersonalizations, i.e., feeling of being unreal or nonexistent, feeling of the world being unreal.
  • Feeling of intense pent up energy ready to explode or feeling of extreme fatigue and lack of interest towards life.
  • Belief that thoughts are being inserted or withdrawn from one’s consciousness or are being broadcasted to others.

A person may show all or none of these symptoms. Also, the symptoms manifested in a person depend upon the type of schizophrenia one is suffering from. There are in all 4 major types of the disease:

  • Disorganized type schizophrenia: it is characterized by disorganization of behavior and speech, which may appear flat or inappropriate. The patient may seem highly eccentric and indulge in peculiar gestures, activities, speech, and unusual clothing preferences.
  • Paranoid schizophrenia: As the name suggests, the person is over obsessed with elaborate delusions of persecution, mortal harm, conspiracy, sabotage, or personal grandeur. Though the patient may appear and behave normal he may come across as highly suspicious of his/her surroundings and at times end up in typical argumentative mood.
  • Catatonic Schizophrenia: This is a more advanced stage disease, which is manifested either as difficulty or resistance to movement, or tendency towards excessive, abnormal, and repetitive movements. This type of the disease was once common when the disease was usually left untreated; however, today one rarely gets to see such advanced stage of the condition.
  • Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: it is characterized by episodes of delusions, hallucinations, catatonic behavior, or negative emotions, but cannot be classified as any of the above types.
  • Residual type schizophrenia: This form of the illness refers to patients who have been treated for the disease and no longer show symptoms of psychosis, but has not yet gotten rid of all symptoms of the disease.

Causes of Schizophrenia

The exact genesis of the disease is still being researched. However, genetics, neurobiology, external environment, and social as well as psychological atmosphere present during the early ages of person’s life are supposed to be the contributing factors to schizophrenia.

Diagnosis of Schizophrenia

Like most mental illnesses, there is no single test to detect schizophrenia, instead doctors use comprehensive medical family history and mental health make up of the person (past and present) for making the right diagnosis.

Treatment of Schizophrenia

In the medieval era and times before that schizophrenia was considered as a form of lunacy or of work of the devil and crude treatments like drilling a hole in the brain were used to treat the condition. Though, today there is much awareness about the right way of treating the condition. Knowing about the underlying disease conditions is essential for determining the treatment mode for schizophrenia, which may include anti-psychotic drugs along with psychotherapy.   However, more research and clinical trials are required to develop efficient forms of treating this condition. Do have a look at the list of schizophrenia trials underway in an area near you.

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5 thoughts on “What is Schizophrenia (Disorganized, Catatonic, Paranoid Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment)?

  1. Information we all need to know about Schizophrenia… especially if you have friends or loved ones dealing with this… please read:

    The Name of the Demon, Telepathic Communications

    Before one can understand this machine we call consciousness, one must be prepared to accept new concepts.

    Telepathic communication is a lot like being on the internet; if you are chatting with a group of people on the internet, you will often not know those who you are talking with. The internet is a great place for someone to portray themselves falsely.

    When our guides talk to us, they use a highly sophisticated “other dimensional radio”. All of us on the earth have a computer address which is just like an “IP Address” for those of us who understand a little about computer terminology. This address is considered sacred and given only to those who are authorized to have it (our guides), those who are authorized to speak to a specific person on the earth. However, just like on the earth, there are those “out there” who are willing to commit crimes for one reason or another.

    It is important for those who work in the field of human behavior including the religious and scientific communities, to understand what is truly occurring in order to put an end to it. When we can move beyond our primitive beliefs and theories in both science and religion and see these disorders for what they truly are, then they can be confronted by the scientists, the priests and those afflicted in an intelligent and effective manner.

    To read article in its entirety, please visit…


  2. Thanks for the added information. Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder; friends and family related any schizophrenic must educate themselves with as much information as possible and refrain from shunning their dear ones 🙂

  3. Pingback: Dr. Maria Karayiorgou, Discover Genetic Mutations in Sporadic Schizophrenia Patients with No Family History | CureTalk - About New Treatments & Clinical Trials

  4. Pingback: Dr. Maria Karayiorgou, Discover Genetic Mutations in Sporadic Schizophrenia Patients with No Family History

  5. Pingback: Cognitive Symptoms Of Schizophrenia: The Symptoms

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