What is Iodine (Betadine)?
Iodine is a type of bioactive food component. Iodine belongs to category of chemical procedure drugs.
Though iodine is a constituent of thyroid hormone it is the fastest acting thyroid inhibitor. It is reduced in the intestines to iodide and the response to iodine or iodides is identical. The gland if enlarged shrinks, becomes firm and less vascular. The thyroid status starts returning to nrmal at a rate commensurate with complete stoppage of hormone release from the gland. The gland itself involutes and colloid is restored. With daily admin istration, peak effects are seen,in 10-15 days, after which thyroid escape occurs and thyrotoxicosis may return with greater vengence. Important action is inhibition of hormone release thyroid constipation. Iodine a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities.
This drug is commonly sold as Brand Name Betadine.
Indication/Contraindication for use of Iodine (Betadine)
- Hypothyroídism, hyperthyroidism.
- Preoperative preparation for thyroid ectomy, prophylaxis of endemic goiter.
- Pregnancy, lactation.
Side Effects of Iodine (Betadine)
- Swelling in lips, eyelids, angioderma of larynx, fever, joint pain, petechial haemorrhages, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy.
- Inflamma tion of mucous membranes, salivation, sneezing.
Drug Interactions of Iodine (Betadine)
Enhance hypothyroid effect with lithium. Aikalies and proteins reduce disinfectant property.
Precautions while prescribing Iodine (Betadine)
- May cause flaring of acne in adolescents.
- Long term use of high doses can cause hypothyroidism and goiter.