What is Iodine (Betadine)?
Iodine is a type of vaginal preparations. Iodine belongs to category of trace elements drugs.
Though iodine is a constituent of thyroid hormone it is the fastest acting thyroid inhibitor. It is reduced in the intestines to iodide and the response to iodine or iodides is identical. The gland if enlarged shrinks, becomes firm and less vascular. The thyroid status starts returning to nrmal at a rate commensurate with complete stoppage of hormone release from the gland. The gland itself involutes and colloid is restored. With daily admin istration, peak effects are seen, in 10-15 days, after which thyroid escape occurs and thyrotoxicosis may return with greater vengence. Important action is inhibition of hormone release thyroid constipation. Iodine is a trace mineral and an essential nutrient found naturally in the body. Diet - iodine Iodine is needed for the normal metabolism of cells. Metabolism is the process of converting food. This drug is commonly sold as Brand Name Betadine.
Indication/Contraindication for use of Iodine (Betadine)
- Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism.
- Preoperative preparation for thyroid ectomy, prophylaxis of endemic goiter.
- Pregnancy, lactation.
Side Effects of Iodine (Betadine)
- Swelling in lips, eye lids, angioderma of larynx, fever, joint pain, petechial haemorrhages, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy.
- Inflammation of mucous membranes, salivation, sneezing.
Drug Interactions of Iodine (Betadine)
Enhance hypothyroid effect with lithium. Aikalies and proteins reduce dis infectant property.
Precautions while prescribing Iodine (Betadine)
- Long term use of high doses can cause hypothyroidism and goiter
- May cause flaring of acne in adolescents.