Kidney cancer is a disease in which the cells in certain tissues of the kidney start to grow uncontrollably and form tumors. Kidney cancer may cause blood in the urine, pain in the side or fever. This disease is most common in men over the age of 50. There are two types of kidney cancer – Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) and Urothelial Cell Carcinoma (UCC).
The exact cause of kidney cancer is not known so if a patient suffers any of the below mentioned symptoms then he/she should immediately contact the doctor
- Blood in the urine.
- Pain in the area between the ribs and hip
- Weight loss
- Painful spasms in the ureters or the bladder caused by blood clots
- A lump in the area of the kidney
- Never ceasing dull pain on either side of lower back
Factors Affecting Kidney Cancer Prognosis
Some of the most important factors that can affect a cancer prognosis are
- Type and Location of cancer – It is important to know the type and location of kidney cancer before its prognosis.
- Stage of cancer – It means the extent to which the cancer has spread.
- Grade of cancer – It means how abnormal the cancer cells look and how quickly the cancer is likely to grow and spread.
- Age of patient – The patient’s age is the most important factor to know the accurate prognosis of kidney cancer.
- Medical History of patient – Kidney cancer prognosis is affected if the patient is suffering from any other disease in addition to kidney cancer.
Kidney cancer prognosis/ Life Expectancy
Millions of people suffering from kidney cancer want to know their kidney cancer prognosis. Survival rates can be calculated by different methods for different purposes. The kidney cancer survival rates presented here are based on the relative survival rate. The relative survival rate measures the survival of kidney cancer patients in comparison to the general population to estimate the effect of cancer. The overall 5-year survival rate for people with cancer restricted to the kidney is 85% or recovering. The five-year relative kidney cancer survival rates by race and sex were:
- 64.7 percent for Caucasian men
- 64.5 percent for Caucasian women
- 61.8 percent for African American men
- 65.9 percent for African American women.
It is important to understand that even the doctor cannot tell exactly how long a person is expected to live because a person’s prognosis may change if the cancer progresses or if treatment is successful.
Listed below are some clinical trials investigating new treatments for Kidney Cancer.